Potato is grown in more than 100 countries, under temperate, subtropical and tropical conditions. In that video “How To Harvest Potato? – Potato Cultivation and Farming Technique Step By Step(Seed Potato to Harvesting Potato)” you can see step by step how potato are grown …
1. Soil and land preparation
The potato can be grown almost on any type of soil, except saline and alkaline soils. Naturally loose soils, which offer the least resistance to enlargement of the tubers, are preferred, and loamy and sandy loam soils that are rich in organic matter, with good drainage and aeration, are the most suitable. Soil with a pH range of 5.2-6.4 is considered ideal.
The potato crop is usually grown not from seed but from “seed potatoes” – small tubers or pieces of tuber sown to a depth of 5 to 10 cm. Purity of the cultivars and healthy seed tubers are essential for a successful crop.
3. Crop care , Manuring and fertilization , Water supply , Pests and diseases
4. Harvesting potato
To facilitate harvesting, the potato vines should be removed two weeks before the potatoes are dug up. Depending on the scale of production, potatoes are harvested using a spading fork, a plough or commercial potato harvesters that unearth the plant and shake or blow the soil from the tubers. During harvesting, it is important to avoid bruising or other injury, which provide entry points for storage diseases.
Since the newly harvested tubers are living tissue – and therefore subject to deterioration – proper storage is essential, both to prevent post-harvest losses of potatoes destined for fresh consumption or processing, and to guarantee an adequate supply of seed tubers for the next cropping season.
It is tempting to harvest potatoes as soon as possible to enjoy them in meals but different varieties can take anything from 70 to 120 days to grow. So, while the early-season potatoes will be ready to consume by the end of May or early June, others will need a bit more patience.
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